This isn’t a guide on how to do a no-longer trendy dance move. At High Times, the dab has always been a single serving of concentrated cannabis. The way we dab and the types of dabs we prefer have gradually evolved with the industry. Dabbing is the act of vaporizing concentrates to experience the effects of cannabis more intensely and in less time than with unconcentrated cannabis. To do a dab you’ll need extracts and the necessary equipment to efficiently consume them.
What Is Dabbing?
To understand what the act of dabbing is, you’ll have to understand what a dab is. It’s a slang term for cannabis concentrates. The name comes from the definition of the word dab which means a tiny amount of something. The name stuck because a tiny amount of hash oil is all people needed to feel the potent effects. Concentrated forms of cannabis have existed for a long time. However, the popularity of dabbing wasn’t until the rise of butane hash oil.
Dabbing is simply the act of vaporizing a dab of cannabis concentrate. The necessary tools for dabbing can be intimidating, keeping people from trying it out. Most dabbers today have to carry around a blow torch, nail, carb cap, bong and dab tool to get the most out of their cannabis concentrates.
A bong is referred to as a “dab rig” when you use it solely for consuming dabs. If there’s no shot of you carrying around a blow torch but you want to try dabbing, there are wax pens and devices designed specifically for your needs.
Evolution Of Dabbing
Now that you understand what dabbing is, let’s go over how to do it. There is definitely more than one way to go about it.
Before there were dab rigs, the original way to dab was with a hot knife. The process involved heating a knife until it was red hot. Then a dab was dropped on it while the dabber was hovering above to inhale any vapors that were released.
Dabbing eventually evolved to make the process more efficient. The next step in the evolution of dabbing was the swing skillet. OG dab rigs came with extended glass down stems with a flat metal dish at the bottom. Dropping a dab in the hot dish while inhaling ensured all of the vapor went through the tube and into your lungs without any going straight into the air.
Dome & Nail
The next step in the evolution of dabbing made dab rigs less bulky by replacing the swing skillet with a dome and nail. Male joints started to become the standard for all dab rigs because they were designed to fit the nail and dome combination.
To use it, the nail is heated while it’s in the piece and the dome sits aside until you’re done heating. Once it is hot enough, put the dome on and drop your dab on the nail while inhaling. The dome should fill with smoke until there’s nothing left to inhale.
The step of adding and removing the dome was removed with the introduction of the domeless nail. Domeless nails have holes in them so the vapor can go straight into your bong without the need for a dome. They didn’t need to be replaced as often as the nails designed for use with domes. There are titanium, quartz and ceramic domeless nails but they’re probably getting dusty on the shelves at smoke shops across the nation because the method evolved even further.
Most modern dabbers have traded in their domeless nails for quartz bangers and lower temperature dabbing.
Different Types Of Dabs
A dab can take on many different colors and consistencies. It can be dark and stable, transparent and runny or something else. There are terms used to differentiate between different forms of cannabis concentrate. Some of them describe the method used to extract the dab while others refer to the consistency. The type of cannabis used, like trim, nug run or fresh frozen also factor into how the concentrate is labeled.
Butane Hash Oil
The cannabis concentrate market has been hit by several crazes back to back. Dabs really sprang into popularity when butane was discovered to be an effective solvent for extracting cannabis oil.
Butane Hash Oil or BHO started with saps and waxes. Then, for a while, the more stable and glass-like shatter was all that mattered. To this day, the majority of extracts are made with butane because large quantities can be extracted with higher yields than most other methods.
Other hydrocarbons like propane can be used to extract cannabis oils but they haven’t gained as much popularity.
CO2 oils are made using CO2 as a solvent. They tend to be less viscous than the consistency of BHO. Eventually, CO2 started to be used to make runny distillates with high levels of THC and added terpenes. Now, they’re a popular ingredient in weed cartridges because they can be vaporized without the need for any cutting agents.
The rosin technique brought us a wave of non-solvent extracts. They are safer to manufacture than hash oils made with flammable solvents like butane. To make rosin, a hair straightener or heat press is required. Either is used to apply heat and pressure to cannabis until hash oil comes out.
Live rosin is named after both the method used to extract it (rosin) and the type of cannabis used. The word “live” refers to anything that was made with cannabis that was freshly frozen after harvest. The name originates from the smell of concentrates made with freshly frozen material. They tended to smell more like the live plant.
One of the latest crazes to sweep the dab community is “sauce.” It gets its name because of the consistency of the extract. Sauce is THCA crystalline or “diamonds,” swimming in liquidy high terpene extracts. This is done by pulling the terpenes during extraction and reintroducing them to the isolated crystalline. There are also extracts with high terpene contents and THCa crystals that never had terpenes removed or introduced.
Rick Simpson Oil
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) can be dabbed but it will be much harsher tasting than most of the concentrates listed above. Most people prefer to eat or topically apply RSO.
To a novice, low temp dabbing is an overly complicated way of consuming dabs. On the other hand, it is the only way to enjoy quality concentrates to a connoisseur. The way cannabis concentrate connoisseurs dab today is by using lower temperatures. Low-temperature dabs require a carb cap, patience and more time than a high-temp dab. However, the results are more satisfying.
Flavorful terpenes and potent cannabinoids like THC vaporize at relatively low temperatures. As a result, some of those precious components are burned off immediately during a high-temperature dab.
Not to mention, noxious chemicals are released at high temperatures. Hot-temperature dabs are harsher and provide an immediate head rush that some people enjoy. However, the effects associated with cannabis don’t seem to last for as long as they would with an equally-sized low-temperature dab.
Quartz Bangers & Carb Caps
You can low-temperature dab with a ceramic, titanium or quartz nail. However, most contemporary dabbers have made the move to using quartz bangers and carb caps.
The reason low-temperature dabbing is more of a process than with high-temps is the need for a carb cap and timed cooldown. The point of a carb cap is to reduce airflow, lowering the pressure inside the nail and rig, allowing more vaporization to occur at a lower temperature.
Furthermore, the cap acts to reduce the airflow, placing the rig under low pressure. This causes the boiling point of the several components of hash oil to decrease. As a result, you’ll get thicker, better-tasting and longer lasting clouds of smoke.
How To Low-Temperature Dab
To perform a low-temperature dab, the walls of your nail or banger need to be heated for about a minute. Then, you will need to wait for the nail to cool down enough for you do drop a comfortable low-temperature dab.
The cooldown time will vary based on your nail and how you like your dab to be. When the nail has been cooled enough, drop the dab and allow it to melt before adding the carb cap. Once you drop the cap, your nail and rig should quickly fill with thick flavorful smoke. With a directional airflow carb cap, you can spin and spread the oil out for a more even vaporization.
Perfectly timed dabs are flavorful and vaporize to completion leaving little to no puddle behind. If there is a huge puddle you need to wait for less time on the next go. If there is a black stain that can’t be cleaned out with a Q-tip, you went in too hot and need to wait a little longer.
The latest way to elevate the low-temperature dabbing experience is with the assistance of a quartz insert. We know there are already plenty of tools involved with a low-temperature dab but if you want to make the absolute best of your concentrates, you’ll want a pre-fillable insert.
Heat Up & Cooldown
Usually, a low-temperature dab is performed on a quartz banger that slowly cools. You can use the same method with an insert inside for extended heat retention. Moreover, your quartz banger will be clean even if you fail to Q-tip or permanently stain the quartz from accidental high-temperature dabs.
Insert Drop Technique
The insert drop technique switches things up by providing a way for concentrates to be rapidly heated from a low temperature to a high one.
First, pre-fill the insert with the precise amount of concentrate you want to consume. Next, heat up the walls of your banger or nail as you normally would.
Once you’ve fully heated the nail, wait five to thirty seconds depending on the heat retention of your nail and the size of the dab you loaded. Then, drop the insert while it’s still hot. Out of habit, you might start inhaling once the dab has been dropped. However, you can wait a few seconds to allow the heat to transfer from the banger to the walls of the insert. Once things start to bubble you can begin to enjoy the terpenes and cannabinoids at a temperature range you couldn’t experience with any other method of dabbing.
The first few hits will provide light vapor with flavors more prominent than you’ve ever experienced using any other method. The next few will be straight clouds of smooth-tasting milky vapor. When timed right, there should be little to no puddle left at the end without the need for reheating a stale-tasting puddle.
Dabbing Without A Torch
Maybe you don’t like the idea of carrying a blow torch around but you still like the idea of enjoying the effects and flavors of cannabis without having to inhale burning plant matter. No problem. Dabbing can still be accomplished without the assistance of a torch. However, you’ll have to purchase something to replace it.
If you only plan to use your dabs at home, you can use an E-nail to heat your nail without the assistance of a torch. They plug into the wall and power the heating element with electricity. Most people set it to one temperature and vaporize their dab from start to finish at that temperature.
There are also portable e-nails that don’t require a torch or even a rig to operate. Just hold or press the button to heat the nail or atomizer up. Then, use a tool to drop the dab onto the nail. Finally, cap it off like you would with a normal low-temperature dab.
You can even ditch the glass and water. Remember, the original way to dab was with hot knives. Nowadays, there are plenty of devices that will heat your concentrates enough to vaporize them without a torch or rig.
In fact, there are several different types of vaporizers designed to handle concentrates. However, unless you splurge for one of the best vape pens, the experience tends to pale in comparison to a torch and dab rig.
Let’s See How Far We’ve Come
For a long time, most dabs were high THC extracts. However, innovations in extraction are leading to higher concentrations of terpenes and cannabinoids like CBD and Delta 8 THC.
We’ve come a long way from the days of amber-colored sap and hot knives. When it comes to concentrates, the consistency of the product on the top shelves of dispensaries changes every year. Furthermore, the products in the concentrate section of smoke shops continue to adapt as consumers learn more about dabs.
Before we knew much about terpenes most of us didn’t think twice before using concentrates at high temperatures. We didn’t mind getting high off of metal nails or on the metal wire in wax pen atomizers until there were better options to compare them to.
Now, we understand and appreciate terpenes while acknowledging the dangers of high-temperature dabbing. As a result, many new wax pens and nails look and perform differently than they did five years ago. Now pen atomizers are becoming coilless while most nails are made of quartz to enhance flavors.
The post What is Dabbing And How Do You Dab? appeared first on High Times.
1. What is CBD? What is CBD Oil?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring constituent of industrial hemp/cannabis. Its formula is C21H30O2 and it has a molecular mass of 314.4636. It is the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis, and is being scientifically investigated for various reasons.
CBD oil is a cannabis oil (whether derived from marijuana or industrial hemp, as the word cannabis is the latin genus name for both) that has significant amounts of cannabidiol (CBD) contained within it. Our CBD products and extracts are derived from industrial hemp, so they could be considered CBD-rich hemp oil, hemp derived CBD oil, CBD-rich cannabis oil, or plainly “hemp extracts” since they typically contain much more than just CBD. Again, cannabis doesn’t mean marijuana, but is the genus name, and general umbrella term which all forms of marijuana and hemp fall under. The form of cannabis we use for our CBD and hemp extracts is industrial hemp; we do not sell marijuana.
2. If a hemp extract is 40% cannabinoids, what’s the other 60%? What’s in your hemp extracts besides the naturally occurring cannabinoids?
Our Kentucky hemp extracts contain over 80 different phyto-cannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD), CBC, CBG, CBN, etc.. In addition to the cannabinoids naturally present in our agricultural hemp extracts, there are also many other types of natural molecules and phyto-chemical compounds such as amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins (including B1, B2, B6, D), fatty acids (including omega 3 & 6), trace minerals (including iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, potassium), beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavanoids, ketones, nitrogenous compounds, alkanes, glycosides, pigments, water, and terpenes. The most common terpenes in our hemp extracts are Myrcene, Beta-caryophyllene, Terpinolene, Linalool, alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Nerolidol og Phytol, trans-alpha-Bergamotene, Limonene/ beta-Phellandrene (Co-elution), and alpha-Humulene.
3. What’s the difference between Hemp and Marijuana?
Scientifically, industrial Hemp and Marijuana are the same plant, with a genus and species name of Cannabis Sativa. They have a drastically different genetic profile though. Industrial Hemp is always a strain of Cannabis sativa, while marijuana can be Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, or Cannabis ruderalis. The major difference is how industrial hemp has been bred compared to a marijuana form of Cannabis sativa. Typically speaking, industrial hemp is very fibrous, with long strong stalks, and barely has any flowering buds, while a marijuana strain of Cannabis sativa will be smaller, bushier, and full of flowering buds. However, newer industrial hemp varieties in the USA are being bred to have more flowers and higher yields of cannabinoids and terpenes, such as our Kentucky hemp we’re now using!
99% of the time marijuana has a high amount of THC and only a very low amount of CBD. Hemp, on the other hand, naturally has a very high amount of CBD in most instances, and only a trace amount of THC. Fortunately, the cannabinoid profile of hemp is ideal for people looking for benefits from cannabis without the ‘high.’ Hemp is used for making herbal supplements, food, fiber, rope, paper, bricks, oil, natural plastic, and so much more, whereas marijuana is usually used just recreationally, spiritually, and medicinally. The term cannabis oil can refer to either a marijuana or hemp derived oil, since marijuana and hemp are two different forms of cannabis.
In the USA the legal definition of “industrial hemp,” per Section 7606 of the Agricultural Appropriations Act of 2014, is “INDUSTRIAL HEMP — The term ‘‘industrial hemp’’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”
4. Are hemp derived cannabinoids such as CBD as good as CBD from marijuana?
The short answer is yes. CBD is CBD, whether from marijuana or hemp. Most marijuana has a very low non-psychoactive cannabinoid profile (like CBD, CBC, CBG), so most of the time hemp would be much more preferable for anything besides THC. Marijuana is usually very high in THC (gives people the high) but usually very low in other non-psychoactive cannabinoids.
Nowadays in the USA, many farmers are growing industrial hemp flowers that are just as beautiful, odor-producing, and terpene rich as the best marijuana strains, such as our partnered farmers in Kentucky.
5. Why don’t you source your Hemp and CBD from within Colorado?
We feel that the hemp program in Kentucky is more well suited for our company in regards to growing hemp, and that because it’s 100% compliant with Section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill (and the 2016 Agricultural Appropriations Act), procuring it from there is perfectly legal at the federal level. Kentucky’s ecology is perfect for hemp just as it is for tobacco. The growing season is longer than in Colorado, and the soil is richer, so the quality of the hemp and the yields are better.
6. What’s the percentage of cannabinoids and CBD in your product?
Our raw extracts have varying percentages of cannabinoid and cannabidiol (CBD) content, the range being 10%-99%. Each product has a unique formulation and uses varying ratios of our extract types. Our CBD Isolate is over 99% pure CBD.
7. What is the best method of use?
For our dietary supplements we can only recommend them for internal consumption. Our CBD isolate is for research purposes only. If you don’t like the flavor of the oil supplements, you can mix with something sweet like apple sauce or honey to cut through the flavor.
8. What’s the ideal serving size for me, and how often should I take it?
There is no easy answer to this. Our starting recommended serving size is 15 drops but we generally recommend experimenting to see what feels best to you. Some prefer 5 drops, some prefer over 50 drops per day.
9. What is the safety of your hemp extracts? Are there negative side effects?
Hemp is considered by many to be generally safe. We’ve never seen or heard of any significant or negative side effects in our years in the industry. That said, we can’t rule them out. Please consult with your physician before using any dietary supplement including Hemp extract supplements.
10. Which of your CBD and hemp products should I get?
As a company who sells various dietary and food supplements, we can’t suggest any of our products for the prevention, treatment or cure of any disease or ailment.
When considering our different dietary hemp products, know that they all come in two strengths. Our Original Hemp blends (Classic Hemp Blend, Hemp Complete, Brainpower oil, & Signature Blend) all have 250+mg of cannabinoids per fluid ounce, and our concentrated blends have 1,500+mg per fluid ounce, six times the potency of our traditional oils. We’ve found that sometimes less is more, but nevertheless, some people like to take very large serving sizes of our hemp extracts.
The main difference between the four Original Blends is the additional herbal ingredients besides hemp. We suggest you research the separate components of each blend to determine which product may be most appealing to add to your dietary regimen. If you know it’s solely the hemp extract that you are looking for, with no additional ingredients, then Classic Hemp Blend or Classic Hemp 6x is what you’re looking for.
For dabbing and vaporizing or for research you can try our CBD Isolate.
THOSE WHO SUSPECT THEY MAY HAVE A DISEASE OR ARE SEEKING HELP FOR A DISEASE SHOULD CONSULT A QUALIFIED MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL.
11. Why do people use Hemp Extracts and CBD? What are the benefits and uses of CBD?
In accordance with federal regulations we cannot make health claims regarding our dietary supplement products. We can only recommend our products for general wellness.
12. Is a standard hemp seed oil the same as a high-CBD hemp extract?
Absolutely not. Standard hemp oil, which can be found very cheaply at a grocery store, is a much different product than our CO2 hemp extracts (not from seed). Standard hemp oil is produced by cold pressing the seeds, whereas our hemp extract is a supercritical CO2 extraction of the hemp plant itself, not the seeds. Hemp seed oil is considered to be a great nutritive food, but it doesn’t have the naturally occurring terpenes, cannabinoids and other components that our extracts do have.
13. Do I need to move to Colorado to get your Hemp Extracts and CBD? Where do you ship?
No. We actually source our hemp from Kentucky, as it’s legal to ship across state lines. Many people are under the impression that the only way to acquire hemp extracts and CBD for themselves or a loved one is to move to Colorado or another cannabis-friendly state. Many major news outlets are misinformed and are unfortunately spreading the idea that you can only get CBD oil in the states where medical marijuana has been legalized. This is simply not the case though. Because our extracts comes from hemp instead of marijuana, we can and do ship to all fifty states, and no medical marijuana card is needed. There are some exceptions, like with Indiana, Missouri and South Dakota we can’t sell our concentrated products due to state legislation.
We also ship to Japan, Australia, the EU, Switzerland, and Brazil. For all EU orders contact our exclusive distributor there, Cannawell.
14. Is your Hemp Extract Oil similar to Rick Simpson Hemp Oil?
Not quite. Ours are from hemp and RSHO is usually using marijuana, a different form of cannabis than industrial hemp. Our industrial hemp extracts are more standardized and will usually have a much higher content of non-psychoactive cannabinoids like CBD than one produced through the Rick Simpson method. And oils produced through his method will usually have a much higher THC content, as it’s typically marijuana that is used for RSHO.†
Generally speaking, most marijuana producers and sellers (especially on the black market) don’t test for contaminants (metals, pesticides, bacteria, etc.). Rick Simpson Hemp Oil is actually more a method of extraction than it is a specific product. People use the Rick Simpson method with hundreds of different strains of marijuana, so the THC, CBD and other cannabinoid content of the final oil is always varying greatly, depending on the cannabis the consumers are acquiring. Usually what’s used for Rick Simpson oil is a strain with an inferior CBD content (and high THC), because that’s what the vast amount of marijuana is nowadays.
15. Where do you source your hemp and CBD from?
We have partners in Kentucky who grew a dedicated plot for us this year (2016) which is being used in our products now. We also currently source from Europe but we’ll be changing that soon.
16. What kind of testing/analysis is performed on your products?
We have an industry leading quality control system, and we have third party laboratories analyze all of our hemp extracts and our final products for cannabinoid potency, heavy metals, bacterial and microbial life, mycotoxins (fungus), and pesticides.
17. What is CO2 extraction? What’s the difference between subcritical and supercritical CO2 extractions?
CO2 extraction is an extraction process that uses pressurized carbon dioxide to extract phyto-chemicals (such as CBD, CBG, or terpenes, flavonoids, etc.) from a plant. CO2 at certain temperatures and pressures acts like a solvent, without the dangers of actually being one. It is the most expensive extraction method, and is widely considered the most effective and safest plant extraction method in the world.
Many hemp and CBD companies boast about their supercritical CO2 extractions, but that’s actually only one (and perhaps an inferior) method of using a CO2 extraction machine. There are also subcritical CO2 extractions, and ‘mid-critical’, a general range between subcritical and supercritical. Subcritical (low temp, low pressure) CO2 extractions take more time and produce smaller yields than super-critical, but they retain the essential oils, terpenes, and other sensitive chemicals within the plant. Supercritical, on the other hand, is a high pressure and high temperature process that damages most terpenes and heat sensitive chemicals, but can extract much larger molecules such as lipids (omega 3 and 6), chlorophyll, and waxes. A truly full-spectrum CO2 extract includes first performing a subcritical extraction, separating the extracted oil, and then extracting the same plant material using supercritical pressure, and then homogenizing both oil extracts into one. In the essential oil industry, an extract made using this specific process is referred to as a CO2 Total.
18. What is the endocannabinoid system (ECS)?
“The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors located in the mammalian brain and throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems, consisting of neuromodulatory lipids and their receptors.” Wikipedia
There are two main types of receptors in the ECS, CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are primarily located in the central nervous system and brains of mammals, and CB2 are generally found in the peripheral nervous system. There are two main cannabinoids mammals produce- 2AG and Anandamide (named after the Sanskrit term “ananda” which translates to “peace”).
For hundreds of millions of years every vertebrate on Earth has been equipped with this ECS, a crucial system in the body, and it has been known about in the scientific and medical communities since the 1980’s. However, it’s still not taught about in most medical schools.